专利是国家授予发明人的权利,使发明人在法律规定的时间和范围内享有对其发明的专有权。申请专利时,通常需要将专利翻译成外文。因为专利文件是技术文件和法律文件的结合体,所以不仅包含行业内的技术术语,还涉及到严格的法律法规,在翻译上有两大特点:专业技术翻译和法律翻译。因此,专利翻译的权威性和专业水平会在一定程度上影响专利申请。专利作为技术信息最有效的载体,覆盖了全球90%以上的技术信息。因此,专利翻译不仅要求翻译人员具有较高的外语水平,还要熟悉专利相关行业的专业术语,否则会给专利申请人带来很大的损失。
那么怎样做好专利翻译呢?下文总结了常用的专利翻译句型、专利翻译要求和错误举例,详细大家都能从中受益。

一、专利翻译常用句型

本实用新型涉及A, 尤其是一种……,它由B,C,D 组成,其中 B……, C……, D……。 其特征在于 1;2;3。本实用新型具有……的优点。
The utility model relates to a A,  in particular to a ……, which comprises a B, a C and a D; wherein, the B……,and……; the C……,and……; the D……。The utility model is characterized in that……。 The utility model has the advantages of (that)……
注意:其中描述省略号部分内容时,何种情况用分句,何种情况用名词性短语,按照最基本的英语语法来判断并正确使用。专利中文文摘中,往往出现很多短小分句,要按照英语语法的要求和句意进行整合,不能既有分句又有名词性成分简单罗列。
A与B连接,       A is connected with B    不可用link
A与B连通,       A is communicated with B
A 具有(装有)……,  A is provided with (has)……
A安装(位于)在B上,  A is arranged(positioned) on/at…… 一般不用locate
多用一般现在式,被动语态


 

专利翻译技巧

二、部分专利翻译要求

1.文中不要使用过多的连词符。
2.翻译中有词语漏翻,个别词语和句子翻译的不够准确,注意专利术语要使用正确。
3.同一词语前后使用表达要保持一致。
4.对于“摄氏度”的正确表达方法是“DEG C”
5.本实用新型的技术方案是:
The technic proposal of the utility model is that
6.“具有,带有” 最好has/include, 不用 be with
7. 注意名词单复数形式和介词的使用.
8. 新型的,可用novel
9. 成一定角度   in a certain angle          
如:在0-30°之间   ranging from 0 DEG to 30 DEG
10. 由...组成/包括不要大量的使用is composed of的结构,尽量使用comprise/consist of的相应形式
11. “本实用新型请求保护一种汽车零部件盛具防跳结构” 实际是说,“本实用新型涉及一种汽车零部件盛具防跳结构”。
The utility model relates to an auto part protecting holder adopted anti-jump structure.
12. “The utility model is a……” 改为“The utility model relates to/provides/discloses a ……”;
13. 不要用it, them指代,以被动语态,从句结构,或者原来的名称,来替代it的使用;
14. “所述,上述”均用“the”,不要用“said或 above mentioned”;
15. 句子结构,要根据前后逻辑,该断句处断句,不该断处不要随意断句,正确使用标点符号,不同的标点代表不同的逻辑关系。
16. 中文中阿拉伯数字,要在英文中准确体现。
17. 如果一些专业术语不是很确定,可以根据申请号,到专利信息中心的网站,或google网站查询
18. 专利习惯用法,多个,若干: a plurality of; 不可以用certain 或 a number of/ some/ multiple/many/few
19. 避免出现should,shall,will
20. 专利用语不准确,“特别是……,尤其涉及一种……” “更具体地说是一种……”正确的表述是“more particularly, in particular to”不可用“specifically speaking”表述
21.与……相匹配  用matches with
22.thus + doing
23. ①②③④是非法字符,应该分别用(1),(2), (3), (4)来表示。
24.‘↓’如果出现在化学符号中,就不用翻译,
例如,CH↓[2],翻译成CH2
如果出现在数学符号中,例如  1↓[2] 就翻译成1<2>,A↓[h]翻译成A<h>;
如果是上箭头,则都需要翻译成<>,例如:2.5×10↑[6] /cm ↑[3] 翻译成 2.5 multiplied by 10<6>/cm<3>
25. 一些表示形状的汉字,能查到的就在网上查怎么样翻译,如果实在差不到,也不要把汉字直接粘贴在英文中,这样会报错,可以翻译成 ... shaped like a Chinese character ''汉字拼音''
26. 翻译中的标号要中英文完全保持一致,避免漏标和错标
27. 注意标点符号后首字母的大小写,分号,逗号之后的首字母不要大写;
28.表示标号的数字后面不能用逗号,如The utility model has the advantages of that: 1,………. 2,………… 3,……… 应改为1.……2.……3.……
29. 长句中的多个短句的定语从句要准确对应原文,可以适当分成单独的句子翻译,不要都直接用逗号隔开使译文与原意不符;

 

三、专利翻译错误举例

1. 例如:本实用新型提供一种漏斗
错误:The utility model is provided with a funnel
正确:The utility model provides a funnel

2. 某些句子采用被动形式较好
例如:采用上述结构的包装盒构造,简化了包装步骤及强化了该锁具相对该包装盒构造的卡掣可靠度,进而提升该包装盒构造的包装效率及质量。
错误:The packing case structure simplifies the packing steps, enhances the blocking reliability of the packing case, and further promotes the packing efficiency and quality of the packing case.
正确:By adopting the structure of the packing case, the packing steps are simplified, the blocking reliability of the packing case is enhanced, and the packing efficiency and quality of the packing case are further promoted.

3. which 引导的定语从句,句子成分要完整
例如:包括箱体和箱盖,箱体和箱盖设有保温层
错误:comprises a box body and a box cover which provided with an insulation layer
正确:comprises a box body and a box cover which are respectively provided with an insulation layer

4. 本实用新型需要解决的技术问题是……
错误:The technological issue of utility model that needs to solve is……
正确:The technological issue of utility model to be solved is……

5. 该装置结构简单,效果显著。
错误:The structure of the device is simple and the effect is distinct.
正确:The device has simple structure and remarkable effect.

6. 能够回收再利用,使用成本低廉。适用于各种矿山行业安装使用
错误:The utility model can be reused and the cost is low, which can be used in all mines.
正确:The device can be reused and is suitable for use in all mining industries, with low cost.
备注:从句中的which 与主语不一致

7. 储料盒后接供料软管及手持伸缩杆
错误:the storing box is back connected with a feeding hose and the hand-hold extension arm
正确:the back of the storing box is connected with a feeding hose and the hand-hold extension arm

8. 主谓一致问题
例如:所述游人出入大厅通过游人通道与地宫的第一出入口连通
错误:The visitor exit and entrance hall is communicated with a first entrance of the underground palace through a visitor passage,
正确:The visitor exit and entrance hall are communicated with a first entrance of the underground palace through a visitor passage,

9.句子成分不完整,缺少谓语
例如:一种双排弹子空转锁头,由壳体、锁芯、离合芯等构成
错误:A double-row billiards hollow turning locking head which is composed of a shell, a lock cylinder and a clutch core;
正确:A double-row billiards hollow turning locking head is composed of a shell, a lock cylinder and a clutch core;

10.另一端与内壁之间有一定间距
错误:the other end is kept with a certain space between the other end of the baffle plate and the inner wall
正确:a certain space is kept between the other end of the baffle plate and the inner wall

11.语法问题主要是介词词组不能做主语+is provided with,应该是The A is provided with B and C +介词词组
⑴例如:在用户端设有控气装置
错误:at the user end is provided with a gas control device
正确: the user end is provided with a gas control device
⑵例如:前壁与后壁之间设置电加热元件
错误:Between the front wall and the back wall is provided with the electric heat component
正确:the electric heat component is arranged between the front wall and the back wall

12.处理回收过程造成的二次污染。
the secondary pollutant resulting in handling the recycling process.
resulting in 改为 caused by

13.造成二次污染等严重问题。
produce serious problems such as secondary pollutant.
Produce 应改为 cause

14.来达到人体最舒适的坐姿和躺姿。
so the patients can have the most comfortable sitting and lying gestures of the body.
the most comfortable sitting and lying gestures of the body can be achieved.
文中没提到主语,应用被动语态。

15.由于改进型的鼻全息穴导药电极解决了现有产品罩状电极使用寿命过短。
错误:Because the improved nasal holographic point drug-leading electrode has solved the problems of the short life-span of the cover-shaped electrode of the current products.
正确:As the improved nasal holographic point drug-leading electrode solves the problems of the short service life of the cover-shaped electrode of the current products.

16.符合提升产品经济效益的有益功效。
错误:thereby going with the demand for enhancing economic benefits of products.
正确:thereby conforming with the demand for enhancing economic benefits of products.

17.圆盘圆心位于金属筒轴线中。
the center of the disk is located in the axial line of the metal barrel.
located 不准确,应改为positioned

18.还具有结构简单、可靠性能好的优点。
The utility model also has the advantages of a simple structure and a high reliability.
应把a改为the,或者把a去掉

19.斗式提升机或刮板机机尾位于熄焦水槽底部、机头位于焦仓上方设置。
The end of bucket-type lifting machine or the scraping machine is arranged under the quenching flume while their heads are arranged above the coke bin.
their 属于代词,指代不清  应改为 the head of bucket-type lifting machine or the scraping machine

20. 翻译时,不要用its,应当指出所代表的具体东西。如:
其结构是撬体由两个方钢骨架和四个方钢加强筋
Its structure is the skid consisting of two square steel frameworks and four square stiffeners.
改成:The skid waterproof device has the structure of that the skid consists of two square steel frameworks and four square stiffeners.

21. 逻辑不清。在处理此类问题时,我们要抓住句子的主干部分。 例如:
自我穴位点压按摩器,包括立柱、支撑臂、按摩球,其特征在于分别有垂直杆按摩球的两个连件一端共同套在立柱上,垂直于立柱的两连件另一端分别与两个相向弯曲的支撑臂内端作轴连接。
Self point percussion massager comprising a standing pole, supporting arms and massage balls is characterized in that(two connecting pieces, vertical to the standing pole, each one of which has a combo of vertical pole and massage ball and is fixed around the standing pole at one end, are pivotally connected to the inside ends of two aspectant curving supporting arms at the other ends.)
(one end of the two connecting pieces of the massage balls of the vertical pole is respectively sleeved on the standing pole together; the other end of the two connecting pieces which is vertical to the standing pole is respectively and pivotally connected with the inner ends of two aspectant curving supporting arms.)

22. The utility model, makes use of 'V' clamps, can not only ensure an easy feeding of materials and realize an accurate positioning but promise the availability of the clamps with the same specification to the materials with different sizes and shapes, thereby endows the clamps a university. (thereby +doing)
改成thereby making the clamps have universality

23.回转销将回转摆臂总成可转动地安装在转轴座总成上
错误:The swivel-pin fixed rotatablely the assembly of gyroscopic pendulum arm on the assembly shaft seats.
正确:The assembly of gyroscopic pendulum arm is rotatablely arranged on the assembly shaft seats by the swivel-pin.
注:专利翻译中要严格区分安装、设置、连接、固定,不能一律使用fix

24.水平回转驱动作业可靠。
错误:The utility model is credible in horizontal gyroscopic driving operation.
正确:The utility model is reliable in horizontal gyroscopic driving operation.

25.设置在轴上的刀具由两种刀具来构成
错误:The cutters set on shaft are two types
正确:The cutters arranged on shaft are two types
注:A设置或安装,位于在B上,只能用arrange 不能用set

26.包括机架组件(2)、尾轮组件(8)、乘座组件(9)
错误:…includes chassis component(2) tail-wheel component(8)seat component(9)
正确:…includes a chassis component(2), a tail-wheel component(8), a seat component(9)
注:首次提到的名次前应该叫不定冠词a/an,再次提到时用the

27. …并利用冲入的热气体使缸体内水流动和产生漩涡,实现按摩功能
错误:…and the invention utilizes surfed hot gas for water flowing and burble in the tub in order for massage function.
正确:…and the invention utilizes surfed hot gas for water flowing and burble in the tub so as to realize the function of massage.

28.用以容置传动齿轮组的齿轮传动箱的近圆盘锯端
错误:End of a gear transmission box which is used to contain the transmission gear set closing to the disc saw
正确:End of a gear transmission box which is used to contain the transmission gear set close to the disc saw

29.瓶体的顶端安有灯。
错误:A lamp is equipped in the top end of the vase body.
正确:A lamp is arranged in the top end of the vase body.

30.笼体下端设有若干支撑架。
错误:Some support brackets are at the bottom of the cage body.
正确:A plurality of support brackets are arranged at the bottom of the cage body.

31.在回流管上装有回流马达
错误:The circumfluence motor is installed on the circumfluence pipes
正确:A circumfluence motor is arranged on the circumfluence pipes

32.特点是:
错误:The utility model is provided with the following features:
正确:The utility model is characterized in that…

33.二调整片体另端各设有勾体与结合体。
错误:The other ends of the two trim plates are equipped with clasp and coalition respectively.
正确:The other ends of the two trim plates are provided with clasp and coalition respectively.

34.本实用新型的目的在于提供…
错误:The utility model is aimed at providing…
正确:The utility model aims at providing…

35.采用移动式结构,便于在普通家庭中使用;采用鹅卵石为按摩头,按摩效果好,美观大方,具有一定的装饰效果。
错误:The movable structure is easy to use in the ordinary households; using the cobblestones as the massage heads, which has the good massage effect, beautiful appearance and certain decorative effects.
正确:By adopting the movable structure, the utility model is easy to use in the ordinary households; by using the cobblestones as the massage heads, the utility model has good massage effect, beautiful appearance and certain decorative effects.
注:翻译时,要弄清楚逻辑关系,找到主语,注意语法。

36.循环传导管回流液体,先经过在回流储藏室混合
错误:the backflow liquid of the cycle conducting tube shall flow through the backflow storage room and blend
正确:the backflow liquid of the cycle conducting tube flows through the backflow storage room and blend
注:时态一般采用一般现在时,最好不用shall/will。

37.主管上靠近主管头的一端有气囊。
错误:The main tube has a balloon near one end of the main tube head.
正确:One end of the main tube close to the main tube head is provided with an air cell.

38.本实用新型设计有(具有,设有)气囊
错误:The utility model designs the balloon
正确:The utility model is provided with the balloon
注:不能以汉语的思维简单罗列单词,要根据文章的意思及专利要求组织语句。

39. 例如:患者无痛苦,操作准确可靠,膨胀均匀,使用一次性胶套,可杜绝任何疾病传染等。
错误:no pain for the patients, accurate and reliable operation, even dilation, while the disposable rubber cover can prevent any disease infection.
正确:The utility model has the advantages of no pain for the patients, accurate and reliable operation, even dilation and preventing any disease infection by using the disposable rubber cover.
注:此错译句子中,缺少主语,句子结构不完整,不统一。

40. 例如:本实用新型的防滑胎回弹力高,强度大。
错误:The anti-skid tyre talked about in the utility model enjoys a high resilience and large strength.
正确:The anti-skid tyre of the utility model has the advantages of high resilience and large strength.

41.本实用新型具有节能环保的效果,可对发动机尾气进行降噪,并熄灭夹带在尾气中的火花。
错误:Enjoying energy-saving and environment-protecting functions, the utility model may be used to lower the noise produced by the discharge of tail gas of motor and to quench the sparks existing in the tail gas.
正确:The utility model has the functions of energy-saving and environment-protecting, so as to lower the noise produced by the discharge of tail gas of motor and to quench the sparks existing in the tail gas.

42.本实用新型由二层结构构成。
错误:The utility model is in possession of a dual-course structure.
正确:The utility model is composed of a dual-course structure.

43.钢丝固定圈的外侧有制有大斜度的斜形面。
错误:The outer side of stationary wire cycle of main body of rotating rim is formulated with a inclined place with a large pitch.
正确:The outer side of stationary wire cycle of main body of rotating rim is provided with a inclined place with a large pitch.

44...要解决普通的0#柴油在天气寒冷时无法使用的问题。
错误:…mainly aiming at handling the problem that common diesel oil 0 model cannot be used in chilly weather.
正确:…mainly aiming at handling the problem of that common diesel oil 0 model cannot be used in chilly weather.

45.具有警觉性的手感,外表形状也比较活泼。
错误:The utility model gives an alert handle. Besides, its shape gives people a vivacious feeling.
正确:The utility model not only has an alert handle but also a vivacious appearance.
注:原译文意思和语法都基本符合原文,但是要考虑英文的表达方式改进。

46.本实用新型的优点在于…
错误:The merits of the utility model lie in that
正确:The utility model has the advantages of that
注:要严格使用专利要求中的专业术语

47.金属层1和轴2结合为一体
错误:The metal layer (1) and the axis (2) are integrate as a whole
正确:The metal layer (1) and the axis (2) are integrated into a whole

48.炉膛与水套间有保温层,
错误:Between the hearth and the water jacket is the heat preservation layer
正确: a heat preservation layer is arranged between the hearth and the water jacket, 或者Between the hearth and the water jacket, a heat preservation layer is arranged。
注:不可按照汉语顺序简单排列句子,要符合英语语法。

49.“本实用新型提供一种……The utility model provides”, 而不要用“The utility model is provided with”
例如:本实用新型提供一种立式矿石对辊研磨机。
错误:The utility model is provided with a vertical ore twin-roller grinder.
正确:The utility model provides a vertical ore twin-roller grinder.

50. 尽量不要whose指代, 用原名称即可; ……与……相对应:be corresponding to  
例如:双螺杆挤出装置的出料口对应布料装置的上料端,布料装置的卸料端对应干燥装置的上料端
错误:the material outlet of the twin screw extrusion device is relevant with the loading end of the material distribution device, whose material discharging end is relevant with the loading end of the drying device
正确:the material outlet of the twin screw extrusion device is corresponding to the loading end of the material distribution device, material discharging end of the material distribution device is corresponding to the loading end of the drying device

51. “-shaped”适合做前置定语,如果是做宾语最好用“-type”或“-shape”
例如:所述的支撑架(1)和回形压块体(2)连接成T型
错误:The support frame (1) is connected with the square- hole pressing block (2) to form a T-shaped
正确:The support frame (1) is connected with the square- hole pressing block (2) to form a T-shape

52. 一种移动脚踏式拖把绞干器,主要由框架、把手、水箱、排污阀、锁定式滚轮、接水槽、挡板、绞干机构和脚踏板组成。
错误:A mobile pedal type mop water extruder which consists essentially of a frame, handles, a water tank, a wash water valve, locking type idler wheels, a water receiving tank, a baffle, a water extruding mechanism, and a pedal.
正确:A mobile pedal type mop water extruder consists essentially of a frame, handles, a water tank, a wash water valve, locking type idler wheels, a water receiving tank, a baffle, a water extruding mechanism, and a pedal.
注:原错译句中关系代词which时使句子缺少谓语和主语,翻译时要注意句子成分的完整。

53. 句子用词,并列成分前后词性要一致。
例如:本实用新型公开了一种适用于自行车使用的,不仅可以提高存车数量,而且有利于杜绝乱停乱放现象,方便存取的一种自行车车把侧向停放的自行车停车装置
错误:The utility model discloses a bicycle parking device with the handle sideward placement which is applicable for bicycle and can not only increase the parking numbers but also prevent bicycle disorder parking as well as convenient storing and taking.
正确:The utility model discloses a bicycle parking device with the handle sideward placement which is applicable for bicycle and can not only increase the parking numbers but also prevent bicycle disorder parking as well as facilitate storing and taking.

54.锁插销(2)伸出时插入小插销帽(4)中
错误:…and the lock bolt (2) will insert into the bolt caps (4) when extending out.
正确:…and the lock bolt (2) is inserted into the bolt caps (4) when extending out.
55. 例如: 其结构要点是:
错误:…and the structure key points are:
正确:…with structure key points of:

56. 首次提到要用冠词a/an,除非中文原文中明确地说了几个。
例如:自行车中轴盖,它由中轴套盖(1)和大拐头盖(2)组成
错误:The bicycle intermediate shaft cover is composed of an intermediate shaft sleeve cover (1) and a large crutched cover (2).
正确:A bicycle intermediate shaft cover is composed of an intermediate shaft sleeve cover (1) and a large crutched cover (2).

57. 注意句子结构
例如:人们在吃带皮食品的时候就会将瓜子皮等放入包装袋中,既卫生又文明。
错误:When people are eating the food with shell or nut, the skin or nut like the melon seed shell can be put into the packaging bag, not only meeting the sanitary requirements but also the civilized behavior.
正确:When people are eating the food with shell or nut, the skin or nut like the melon seed shell can be put into the packaging bag, which not only meets the sanitary requirements but also is a the civilized behavior.

58. 使用时,只需对各部位进行简单的组合,并由固定螺栓(14)穿过“U”形卡及各方管钢预留的穿孔后紧固
错误:When using the utility model, assemble every parts and use the fixing bolt (14) to travel through the U-shaped block and the holes obligated in each square tubes, thus the frame can be fixed easily.
正确:When using the utility model, every parts are assembled and the fixing bolt (14) is used to travel through the U-shaped block and the holes obligated in each square tubes, thus the frame can be fixed easily.
注:不可用动词作主语,这样不符合英文习惯,最好用被动语态代替

59. 介词使用不准确
例如:“上结晶器10浇铸不锈钢水5”
错误:The upper mould 10 is cast in molten stainless steel 5
正确: The upper mould 10 is cast with molten stainless steel 5

60.注意语法
⑴“在砂轮(1)的背面,接近外圆周处设置若干个盲孔(2)”
错误:a plurality of blind holes(2) are provided on the back of an grinding wheel (1不能漏) near the edged of the grinding wheel.
正确:a plurality of blind holes(2) are arranged on the back of an grinding wheel (1不能漏) near the outer circle.
⑵用密度较大的物质填充盲孔
错误:The utility model can have a heavy matter fill in the blind holes
正确:The utility model uses a denser material to fill the blind holes
⑶使磨浆机能够平稳地工作,延长了磨浆机及砂轮的使用寿命
错误:so as to make the pulp grinder work smoothly and prolongs the service life of the pulp grinder and the grinding wheel.
正确:so as to make the pulp grinder work smoothly and prolong the service life of the pulp grinder and the grinding wheel.

61. 被安装于……,被设置于……,不可用be equipped on/ be provided on 只能用be arranged / be positioned on
例如:将在面板上设置的控制信号反馈给数据控制电路
错误:the control signal which is equipped on the panel is fed back to the data control circuit.
正确:the control signal which is arranged on the panel is fed back to the data control circuit.

62. 注意翻译时理解原文的逻辑关系,意思要与原文符合
例如:包括空心外套、外套一端插入并固定在其内的护手
错误:comprises a hollow outer bush, a hand protection which is inserted by one end of the outer bushand fixes the outer bush
正确:comprises a hollow outer bush, a hand protection, one end of the outer bush is inserted and fixed in the hand protection

63. 注意词性
例如:较大推广应用价值
错误:greater valve of popularize application
正确:greater valve of popularization and application

64. 按照原文的意思,所属关系要表述清楚,不能简单按汉语顺序罗列词语造句
例如:支杆的下端铰接在一短杆的中部,下端设一有中孔的套,
错误:the lower end of the supporting pole is hinged with the middle part of a short pole. On the lower end (谁的?)is arranged with a sleeve with central hole(缺冠词).
正确:the lower end of the supporting pole is hinged with the middle part of a short pole. The lower end of the short pole is provided with a sleeve with a central hole(缺冠词).

64. 注意不能漏译词语或者单字
例如:金属废边这一使用价值较低的材料
错误:the metal waste side with low value
正确:the metal waste side with low using value

65. 搞清主动与被动关系
例如:⑴其右磁系的位置可在磁系箱内左右调整
错误:the position of the right magnetic sticker can move horizontally from the left to the right
正确:the position of the right magnetic sticker can be adjusted horizontally from left to right
例如:⑵喷孔的上部嵌入U型槽内
错误:the U-shaped groove is embedded in the upper part of the jet orifice
正确:the upper part of the jet orifice is embedded in the U-shaped groove

66. “本实用新型是为一种……”, 此处即使汉语“是”,也要译为 The utility model relates to/provides/discloses…,不要译成 The utility model is…;

67. “具有”不能用enjoy ,应该用 be provided with
例如:具多重进步性
错误:The utility model enjoys a plurality of processes.
正确:The utility model is provided with multiple progress

68. 注意连接方式的翻译,比如卡接(be blocked and connected with),套接 (be sleeved with),固接 (be fixedly connected with),铰接(be articulated with)
例如:所述转轴穿过隔板并套接于隔板中
错误:the turning axis is through the clapboard and is connected with the clapboard
正确:the rotor is sleeved with the clapboard through the clapboard

69.滤头通过螺纹方式安装有利于清洁维修滤网
错误:the filter head is arranged with screw thread method, which is in favor of cleaning and repairing the filtering net
正确:the filter head is arranged by screw thread, which is in favor of cleaning and repairing the filtering net

70.本实用新型结构简单,调节方便
错误:The utility model is simple in structure and convenient to regulate.
正确:The utility model is simple in structure and convenient for regulating.

71.注意词性,分清楚名词和动词的用法; 注意动词的形式,如主动和被动,现在分词和过去分词;注意名词单复数;
⑴现在分词和过去分词,分词作定语
例如:挂在预制桩上的挂架
错误:a hanging frame hanging on precast pile
正确:a hanging frame hung on precast pile
⑵ 注意名词单复数
例如:本实用新型板体的厚度和地热槽的设计适当
错误:the floor body thickness and designing of the geo-thermal chute of the utility model is reasonable
正确:the floor body thickness and designing of the geo-thermal chute of the utility model are reasonable

72. 注意适当使用标点符号,否则句子结构看起来比较混乱
例如:汽车停位后,车库本体延伸展开
错误:After the vehicle stopped the garage body extended and stretched.
正确:After the vehicle stopped, the garage body extends and stretches.

73. 有些句子结构安排的不合理
例如:按住凸块可使罩盖在刀体上沿锥形孔轴线移动
错误:Once presses down the convex block, the cap could move along the axial line of the cone holes
正确:Once pressing down the convex block, the cap can move along the axial line of the cone holes

74. 文中多次出现could,可以用can 代替,不用虚拟语气;
例如:可减小笔尖端部磁场的作用范围
错误:the magnetic field scope of pen nib could be reduced
正确:the magnetic field scope of pen nib can be reduced

75.由原直接连接改为软连接
错误:changes the originally possessed direct connection into the soft connection
正确: replace the originally possessed direct connection by(with) the soft connection

76. which 指代不清楚
例如:所述汽艇船船体底部设有平衡板,平衡板上设置转向系统
错误:A balancing plate is arranged at the bottom of a steam boat body, on which a steering system,
正确:A balancing plate is arranged at the bottom of a steam boat body, a steering system is arranged on the balancing plate,

77.注意句子结构要完整,缺少谓语
例如:一种改进的鱼缸,其缸体由一个底面和四个侧面粘接而成
错误:An improved aquarium whose tank body consists of a bottom surface and four side surfaces which are boned with the bottom surface .
正确:An improved aquarium is provided, a tank body of the aquarium consists of a bottom surface and four side surfaces which are boned with the bottom surface.

78.句子成分,结构上要前后一致
例如:本实用新型的优点是制作简单、使用方便、易除灰尘、可清空尘积、
错误:The utility model has the advantages of simple manufacture, convenient to be used, easy for dedust, able to remove the accumulated dust
正确:The utility model has the advantages of simple manufacture, convenient use, easy dedust, cleaning the accumulated dust

79.用电量至少小于卧室空调用电量的十分之一
错误:the electrical consumption is smaller than 10% that of the bedroom air conditioner
正确:the electrical consumption is smaller by 10% than that of the bedroom air conditioner

80. 例如:本实用新型结构简单,使用范围广,应用动力小,维修方便成本低廉。
错误:The utility model is characterized in simple structure, wide ranges of using, small power of application, easy maintenance and low cost.
正确:The utility model has advantages of simple structure, wide ranges of using, small power of application, easy maintenance and low cost.

81.包括座体2、轴承9、迷宫式内外密封圈4、3。
错误:comprises a block 2, a bearing 9 and labyrinth- typed internal and external sealing ring 4 and 3.
正确:comprises a block 2, a bearing 9 and a labyrinth- typed internal and external sealing rings 4 and 3.
注:注意名词单复数和冠词的使用。

82.本实用新型涉及一种大型金属薄壳体工件焊接转动吊装具
错误:The utility model relates to a large-scale thin metal shell work piece welding rotary hoisting
正确:The utility model relates to a welding rotary hoisting for large-scale thin metal shell work piece
注:对于关键词的翻译避免按照汉语顺序将几个词语简单的罗列出来,要认真分析其修饰关系后,进行顺序的调整。

83.在前后押运室左右两侧均设有防护门。
错误:A protective door is respectively arranged on each side of the front and rear escort compartments.
正确: Protective doors are respectively arranged on each side of the front and rear escort compartments.

84. 名词作定语时要用单数形式,不可用复数,如“中药渣容器”不要译为“Chinese medicine-dregs container”;

85. 所属关系中部分内容前面已经出现过,可用thereof 表述以避免重复,如 “通风孔上方并延伸遮蔽通风孔的遮阳板”译文“a sunshade plate is arranged above the ventilation holes and extends to cover the ventilation holes”可简化为“a sunshade plate is arranged above the ventilation holes and extends to cover thereof”;

86. 认真分析文意,分清楚修饰关系,如 “医用体位垫”,“体位垫”是一个完整的名词,不要译为“a cushion for medical body position”;

87. 同一句子中and前后结构应保持一致,如 “避免受压并防治褥疮”译为“avoid being pressed and bedsore”,and 后并列的应是动名词短语;

88.本实用新型锁定接骨螺钉涉及的是一种适用于人体骨折固定螺钉,
   错误:The utility model of the locked bone screw relates to a fixing screw
正确:The locked bone screw of the utility model relates to a fixing screw
   注:所属关系表述不正确。

89.收集器皿的底部开口并通过输液管与废液收集桶的上端部相通
错误:the bottom of the collecting vessel is open and connected with the upper extreme of the waste liquid collecting bucket;
正确:the bottom of the collecting vessel is open and communicated with the upper end of the waste liquid collecting bucket;
注:区分相连接和相连通

90. 专利文献不用whose,  根据句子的意思选用of(in, on …) which, 等
91. 分别地, 翻译为“respectively”, 而不是“separately”;
92.所述夹紧装置的夹体上设有相连的夹紧部和套合部
错误:on the gripping body of the gripping device is provided with a connected gripping part and a registration part
正确:the gripping body of the gripping device is provided with a connected gripping part and a sleeving part
●注:不可用介词短语作主语
93.在该扁形通孔内穿过所述的头带,在该卡口内卡入所述的导管
    错误:the head band drills through the flat through-hole and is clamped in the catheter in the bayonet
正确:the head band is drilled through the flat through-hole which is clamped in the catheter in the bayonet
注:在复杂句中,要分清楚句子的主语,认真确定句子的逻辑关系。

94.由于将作为光动力疗法光源的大功率LED设置在鞋底的空腔中
错误:Because the light sources of photodynamic therapy of the high-power LEDs are arranged in the empty cavities of the shoe bottoms
正确:Because the high-power LEDs that is taken as the light sources of photodynamic therapy are arranged in the empty cavities of the shoe bottoms
注:搞清楚逻辑关系

95.有凹模(1)及与凹模(1)相匹配的凸模(2)
     错误:a concave die (1) and a convex die (2) assembled with the concave die (1)
正确:a concave die (1) and a convex die (2) matched with the concave die (1)

96.实用新型公开了一种薄膜贴合机结构改良
     错误:The utility model discloses a membrane attaching machine structural improvement
正确:The utility model discloses a structural improvement for membrane adhesive machine

97.提供一种结构合理,冷却效果好,球磨时间短,料浆粒度分布范围合理的球磨机。
     错误:The utility model aims to provide a ball grinder with a reasonable structure, a good cooling effect, a short ball grinding time and a reasonable slurry granularity distributing scope
     正确:The utility model aims to provide a ball grinder with reasonable structure, good cooling effect, short ball grinding time and reasonable slurry granularity distributing scope
    注:表示特性,特征和优点的名词前,不需要加a。

98. 例如:上层布边沿对折后连接有单层布
      错误:the edge of the upper deck of cloth is connecting a single deck of cloth after been folded
正确:the edge of the upper deck of cloth is connected with a single deck of cloth after been folded
注:一般采用一般现在时,而不用现在进行时

99.一种雷管装填装置,包括传送装置、第一抗爆间、第二抗爆间、第三抗爆间、第四抗爆间和第五抗爆间。
错误:A detonator loading device is provided and is comprised of a transmission device, a first explosion-proof room, a second explosion-proof room, a third explosion-proof room, a fourth explosion-proof room, and a fifth explosion-proof room.
正确:A detonator loading device is provided and comprises a transmission device, a first explosion-proof room, a second explosion-proof room, a third explosion-proof room, a fourth explosion-proof room, and a fifth explosion-proof room.
注:“包括”用comprise时尽量用主动形式,少用被动的形式。

100. 第一抗爆间、第二抗爆间、第三抗爆间、第四抗爆间和第五抗爆间依序排列。
错误:The first explosion-proof room, the second explosion-proof room, the third explosion-proof room, the fourth explosion-proof room and the fifth explosion-proof room are arranged in turn.
正确:The first explosion-proof room, the second explosion-proof room, the third explosion-proof room, the fourth explosion-proof room and the fifth explosion-proof room are arranged in sequence( or sequentially).

101. 它的定子壳(1)两端外周设有环形导风通道(2).
错误:The stator shell (1) of the utility model has the peripheries at two sides is provided with ring-shaped wind channels (2).
正确:The peripheries of two ends of a stator shell (1) of the utility model are provided with ring-shaped wind channels (2).

102.本实用新型公开了一种高压清洗机电机,包括转子组件、定子组件、外壳、主轴.
错误:The utility model discloses a high-pressure washer motor comprises a rotor component, a stator component, a shell and a principal axis.
正确:The utility model discloses a high-pressure washer motor comprising a rotor component, a stator component, a shell and a principal axis.

103. 其特征在于,该补强板置于该桶体的内部,且该补强板的部分顶面连接于邻近该桶体的内腔壁上,并连接于该人孔圈板。
错误:The utility model is characterized in that the reinforcing plate is arranged inside the barrel body and a partial of the top surface of the reinforcing plate is connected with the cavity near to the barrel body as well as connected with the manhole girth sheet.
正确:The utility model is characterized in that the reinforcing plate is arranged inside the barrel body and a partial of the top surface of the reinforcing plate is connected with the cavity near to the barrel body as well as the manhole girth sheet.

104. 缸体(3)把右箱体(9)、左箱体(12)和缸头(5)连为一体.
错误:A cylinder body (3) connects a right box body (9), a left box body (12) and a cylinder head (5) into integration.
正确:A right box body (9), a left box body (12) and a cylinder head (5) are connected into a whole by a cylinder body (3).
注:connect 最好是用被动语态。

105. …在缸头上方安装缸盖(17)和火花塞(4)
错误:…over the cylinder head is provided with a cylinder cover (17) and a spark plug (4).
正确:…a cylinder cover (17) and a spark plug (4) are arranged above the cylinder head.

106. 螺栓的丝杆段旋装有螺帽,螺帽外侧为圆柱形,螺帽外侧上部开有轴向凹槽。
错误:The screw section of the bolt is screwed with a screw cap whose external side presents a cylinder and whose upper part of the external side is provided with the axial concave through.
正确:The screw section of the bolt is screwed and provided with a screw cap, wherein the external side of the screw cap takes the shape of a cylinder and the upper part of the external side of the screw cap is opened with an axial concave through.

107. 它既可为新授作知识的铺垫,又可为授后的知识加深巩固.
错误:The utility model can not only be the preparation of the newly granted knowledge and also can be deepened and consolidated for the learned knowledge.
正确:The utility model can not only prepare for the newly taught knowledge and also can deepen and consolidate the learned knowledge.


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